Ambedkar received his primary education from the Elphinstone High School in Mumbai. He carried the social stigma of being untouchable in school too, where he was the only student of untouchable caste and suffered social exclusion. He was the first untouchable student to get enrolled in Elphinstone College, Mumbai in 1907. He completed his degree in economics and political science from Bombay University in 1912. In 1913, he moved to USA for M.A. and completed his post-graduation in 1915 from the Columbia University, New York City with the help of Baroda State Scholarship.
By 1921 he completed M.Sc. from London School of Economics, London and D.Sc. in Economics by 1923 from the same college. His marriage was arranged to Ramabai in 1906, which continued to 1935 until her death due to long illness. He married Dr. Sharada Kabir aka Savita Ambedkar in 1948.
He was selected the military secretary to the Gaekwad of Baroda, but left the job shortly. He struggled with jobs like private tutor, accountant and failed investment consulting business due to his caste. He worked as the Professor of Political Economy in the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Mumbai in 1918. In 1920 he started weekly journal Mooknayak with the help of Shahu of Kolhapur, which aimed at criticizing discrimination by Hindus.
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After returning from London, he started working as a legal professional. In July 1924, he founded the Bahishkrit Hitkaraini Sabha to promote the equality for untouchables. In 1925 he was appointed to the Bombay Presidency Committee to work for Simon Commission. By 1927 he was organizing movements marches and conferences against untouchability. In 1932 he was invited to attend the Second Round Table Conference in London.
The British announced the formation of a separate electorate for the Depressed Classes, which met heavy opposition from Gandhiji who went on fast as he thought it will further divide the society. On September 25, 1932 the Poona Pact was signed between Ambedkar and Madan Mohan Maliviya, which gave reservation for the Depressed Classes in Provisional legislatures. After the independence of India, government elected him to serve as the first Law minister and was appointed the chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee.
The constituent assembly adopted the constitution on November 26, 1949 drafted by Ambedkar. In 1951, he resigned from the cabinet after parliament suspended the Hindu Code Bill framed by him.
He was inclined towards the Buddhism from the beginning and converted to a Buddhist on October 14, 1956. Ambedkar suffered from diabetes during the later years of his life which sharply deteriorated his head. On December 6, 1956 Ambedkar left for his heavenly abode.